World Heart Day: What are Cardiovascular Diseases? Know the types of heart disease and symptoms

The cardiovascular disease is a common name for all the diseases related to the heart, vascular and blood vessels. More people die from CVD around the world than from any other reasons.

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29th of September is the day when people around the world are going to celebrate the world heart day.  It was founded in 2000 with the aim of informing people that stroke and heart diseases are one of the leading causes of death. Whilst people around the world are going to celebrate the day by educating themselves on how to take care of heart, you should also inform yourself and protect your heart from cardiovascular diseases.

Know The Symptoms Of Cardiovascular Disease, Also Known As CVD

The cardiovascular disease is a common name for all the diseases related to the heart, vascular and blood vessels. More people die from CVD around the world than from any other reasons. And out of all 80% die because of coronary heart disease, i.e. heart attack and cerebrovascular diseases i.e. strokes.

In order to protect the heart from disease, every one of us must know about how to keep the heart-healthy and keep checking the symptoms of an ill heart. Some of them are

  • Aching in chest and shoulder
  • The problem in sleeping and snoring
  • Difficulty in sex
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Mouth problem, jaw and sore gums
  • Puffy feet and legs
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Persistent cough
  • Lightheadedness/dizziness
  • Irregular bout of cold sweat

What Are The Main Causes Of Cardiovascular Diseases

The exact cause of the cardiovascular disease isn’t clearly known but there are few causes that increase the risk of CVD. These are

  • High blood pressure: People suffering from high blood pressure problem are on the higher risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Smoking: Smoking is bad for health, and the same is tobacco. Both have components that adversely affect the blood vessels and narrows it.
  • High cholesterol: People suffering from high cholesterol are also on a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. This narrows down your blood vessels and also increase the formation of blood clots.
  • Diabetes: High blood sugar level damage the blood vessels and narrows it.
  • Sedentary Lifestyle: People who do not exercise, tend to suffer from high cholesterol level, BP and weight which put pressure on heart muscles.
  • Family History: People with a family history of CVD are likely to develop this disease.
  • Diet: Bad diet leads to high cholesterol level, which directly affects heart health.
  • Alcohol: Excessive consumption of alcohol increase cholesterol and blood pressure. It also leads to weight gain.

How To Prevent Cardiovascular Disease

A good and healthy lifestyle is the only mantra for averting cardiovascular disease. If you smoke, have a bad eating habit, don’t exercise, then start doing do to keep your heart healthy.

  1. 17.9 million people die of cardiovascular diseases every year·
  2. Every 5 unit of rise in BMI increases the mortality rate Obstruction in sleep leads to an increase in heart diseases.
  3. In America 80% of people suffering from sleep apnea are undiagnosed.
  4. 15 minutes of brisk walk reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  5. Losing weight helps in dropping down the blood pressure level.
  6. Short of sleep reduces the risk of hypertension
  7. Continuous monitoring of BP and cholesterol level keep CVD at bay.

Additionally, try to maintain a healthy weight. If you are above 40 years, get your BP, blood sugar level and cholesterol level checked, this will help you in monitoring your heart’s health.

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